Recognize The Factors that Cause Allergies in Babies

Your little one who repeatedly gets allergic attacks, such as asthma or a rash that is very itchy and even infected, can cause anxiety for you.

When your little one is allergic (Facts About Allergies), he or she has a sensitivity to certain substances, for example food, dust, air, or changes in weather. If the allergy becomes more severe, your little one should go back and forth to the doctor or require treatment in the hospital.

This risk can be reduced (Prevent Allergies in Babies) if you know how. The best step to minimize the occurrence of allergies is to avoid or prevent contact with allergens. Therefore, it is important for you to recognize the causes of your little one's allergies so that they can reduce the incidence of allergies that are experienced by them.

According to the World Allergy Organization, allergies are influenced by various factors, namely heredity (genetic), sources or types of certain allergens, environment (indoor and / or outdoor pollution), socio-economic conditions, as well as changes in weather and migration. These factors do not stand alone, but interact and influence one another. Therefore, handling allergic diseases requires the involvement of many parties, including the family as the smallest part of the system in your environment.

Genetic Factors

Genetic factors can cause allergies through a variety of complex mechanisms involving the immune system and its regulation. This factor plays an important role in the emergence of the disease, its form and severity, as well as a history of allergic disease. Your little one will be at greater risk of developing allergies if family members - especially first line - have a history of allergies. However, if both parents do not have allergies, your little one is still 1-11% at risk of developing allergies.

Source or Type of Allergen

Certain allergic diseases, such as asthma, rhinitis, and atopic eczema, are highly dependent on the process of exposure to their allergens. Certain sources or types of allergens can strongly trigger an allergic reaction in some people, while others are not at all. This allergen may cause severe allergic reactions in susceptible people, while not causing any reactions in others. Examples are pollen, mold, mites, and cockroaches.

Other sources of allergens can come from food (Allergies and Foods that Babies Should Avoid), for example eggs, chicken, peanuts, soybeans, wheat; or certain chemicals, such as detergents and hygiene products, latex, and pharmaceuticals(especially the antibiotic class); to bites or stings of certain animals, for example the Hymenoptera class, such as bees, wasps, ants, and others.


The environment plays a very important role in triggering allergic diseases. In fact, in countries with high levels of pollution such as China, the environment is also a cause of death. The level of pollution in major cities in Indonesia has also reached an alarming level.

Allergens that come from the environment can be divided into:

  • Outdoor pollutants such as dust, smoke (including cigarette smoke), mold, pollen, algae, etc.
  • Indoor pollutants can come from mammals (dogs, cats, etc.), insects (cockroaches, etc.), and askarides (mites, etc.).
  • Environmental allergens are closely associated with asthma, allergic rhinitis, and acute respiratory infections.

Social Economy

It is believed that families with low social and economic abilities tend to have a greater risk of allergies. Low socioeconomic conditions lead to a decline in physical, mental, and psychosocial conditions, which causes a decrease in the body's immune system. On the other hand, low socio-economic conditions will increase population density and reduce the quality of the residential environment. As a result, they become susceptible to exposure to allergens.

Is it really like that? A recent study in Makassar, Indonesia, shows otherwise. The risk of allergies is actually found in people with high socioeconomic levels. .This is related to the ease with which this group can access food (Allergy Management in Infants with a Food Labeling System) that triggers inflammation, such as fast food, canned food, and others.

Weather Change and Migration

Changes and weather factors such as temperature, wind speed, humidity, etc. can increase pollution in the environment, thus triggering the risk of allergies to your little one. .The biological and chemical components of pollen are also frequently associated with allergies to the respiratory tract (eg allergic rhinitis (Allergic Colds) and asthma).

Migration (movement) of humans from one place to another can have an impact on increasing the risk of allergies. Human movement carries the genetic potential for certain allergies, brings about several sets of pollutants and allergens as well as structural changes (eg increasing density) that can have an impact on the adverse social environment. Migration will also bring a new culture into an environment along with eating and dietary habits that can have an impact on the health of individuals and communities.

Awareness of the importance of paying attention to all these factors can prevent and reduce allergy attacks experienced by your little one.

Did you know?

During a normal delivery, the baby moves from the near sterile uterus to the external environment through a long labor process that involves hours of contractions, allowing the baby to make natural contact with the microbiota (flora)normal mother.The microbiota develops in the intestines of the baby which will greatly assist the development and maturation of the immune system. .The microbiota that undergoes transfer during normal delivery mainly comes from Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium spp.

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