Optimize Fetal Brain Intelligence in Pregnancy

weeks of pregnancy

Period 0-8 weeks of pregnancy

The critical period for fetal brain formation is from day 8 to the end of the 7th week of pregnancy. Fetal brain cells that begin to form at the end of the 8th week will continue to experience perfection until the time of birth.

The first thousand days of life are a golden period for the growth and development of the child. The first 1000 days period consists of 270 days in the womb and a period of 730 days after birth. If there are nutritional problems in this period, it will have an impact on brain development, intelligence, physical growth, and metabolic disorders of the little one's body. The Nutriclub team of experts will provide tips for mothers to optimize fetal brain intelligence during pregnancy.

Period 10-25 Weeks of Pregnancy

at week 10, there is a rapid growth of nerve cells in the brain, reaching 250,000 new nerve cells per minute. Your baby's brain can receive and send messages, and the fetus has started to perform reflexes. at week 19, the fetal brain has millions of nerves. At the 25th week the fetal brain begins to have a wrinkled texture. Fetal brain development accelerates in the third trimester until the child is born until the age of 5 years.

Barker's developmental plasticity theory explains that the physiological and morphological development of the fetus is easy to adapt (plastic) to various changes in environmental conditions during development. Besides that, Barker also put forward the mismatch theory, which is a theory about babies who have prepared themselves well during pregnancy but are unable to adapt to the postnatal environment. this will cause several abnormalities and cause maladaptive diseases.

Fetal Brain Nutrition

The slogan of four healthy five perfect has now been developed into a balanced nutrition slogan. this is intended to emphasize the balance of all nutritional substances such as carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals for the little one so as not to overdo or lack the amount of nutrients.

1. Omega 3 Fatty Acids

omega 3 consists of doxohexanoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which functions to form the sphingomyelin body which is a component of nerve cell structure (myelin) . EPA acid itself functions to form cell membranes.  Meanwhile, DHA functionsincrease baby weight, head circumference, and play a role in improving baby's eye, hand and cognitive coordination. Omega can be obtained from marine fish fat.

2. Tyrosine and Tryptophan

Tyrosine and tryptophan are useful for helping the formation of neurotransmitters that trap and process messages. This substance is found in eggs, nuts and milk that have been fortified with these substances.

3. Choline

Choline plays a role in helping the formation of the brain neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Choline is abundant in breast milk.

4. Vitamin

Vitamins B1, B5, B6, and B12 play a role in brain development. These vitamins are found in grains, bread, cereals, meat, poultry and fish. Vitamin D functions for bone growth and brain development. 

Folic acid

Folic acid functions for the formation of spinal cord, brain and skull bones. This substance is found in spinach, broccoli, pok coy, asparagus, cabbage, meat, wheat, eggs, milk and cheese.


iron is useful for the formation of nerve sheaths and prevent intelligence disorders. Iron is found in meat, liver, beef heart, fish, egg yolks, nuts and green vegetables.


iodine plays a role in mental development and intelligence. Iodine is found in vegetables, meat, fish and salt.

Brain Stimulation

The fetal hearing and visual organs have been formed since the fetus is 20 weeks old. the fetal brain is able to receive messages, process, and respond to them. Giving stimulation can stimulate the formation of synapses or connections between nerve cells and inhibit apoptosis or cell death. the more synapses that are formed, the more optimal the brain functions. Therefore, stimulation must be given optimally and routinely during pregnancy.

The stimulation was given by the 5M1U method, namely by playing classical music, such as the work of Mozart. At week 20, put some music in your stomach at night for sixty minutes in the order of composition. Mozart's music consists of 11 compositions that affect the health of the fetus. Listening to music is good starting from the 20th week, because at 18 weeks the fetal ears have started to function. stimulation is carried out at night at 8:00 p.m. to 11:00 p.m. with a duration of approximately 60 minutes. Night stimulation is intended to intervene in two-phase alpha waves reducing apoptosis.

For mothers-to-be who are planning a pregnancy or who are undergoing pregnancy, the intelligence of the baby can be optimized with a balanced nutritional intake and the right stimulation so that the little one grows into a child to reach its maximum potential.

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