Physical Activities to Support Children's Health and Intelligence

In addition to adequate nutrition, physical activity can also support children's health and intelligence. So, you need to give your little one a balanced playtime.

The scenery that we generally see everyday around us."Adam, go home for your homework!", Shouted Mrs. Melissa from the front of her house fence towards the field calling her son who was playing football with friends in the next village (Melissa and Adam are not their real names). Don't most of us do the same with our children? I think this is natural with quite high academic demands. However, when we look back at the theory of development and the psychology of learning, one of the tasks of a child is to play. Playing physical sports such as exercising and other bodily exercises.

Physical activity is an important activity for children. According to research, physical activity can increase intelligence in children. In addition, physical activities can improve cognitive function, including improving children's memory, focus and attention, as well as children's ability to receive information and solve problems. Furthermore, children who are active in physical activities show good attitudes in the classroom, are more concentrated and participate, including in terms of learning.

School age children are advised to engage in physical activity for one to two hours a day. The type of physical activity that is carried out does not have to be sports, playing with friends while running can also be said to be physical activity. This will also provide health benefits in the form of good for heart health, avoid child obesity, and benefit children's health.

Then, what types of physical activity are good for toddlers to do?

1. Outbound activities

Outbound activities are physical activities that are carried out outside the room (outdoors). The goal is to overcome the situations and conditions that exist in the wild which are full of challenges. Outbound activities are usually carried out together with peers. The activities carried out can be in the form of walking on a footbridge, climbing a rope wall, etc. This activity is carried out according to the child's age. Gardening is also an outbound activity. 

2. Sports in school

Sport is a physical activity that is often done at school. Children who are active in sports are proven to have higher academic abilities than those who do not exercise. Sports that are often done include, soccer, basketball, volleyball, or running.

3. Dance, sing and jump

Children are excellent imitators of those around them. They often pay attention to the behavior of their parents or teachers. Invite the child to dance while singing which is one type of simple physical activity so they can participate. No need for a difficult dance, just follow the children's songs while moving or jumping, so the children can follow.

4. Martial sport

If your child is very active, you can participate in martial arts sports as part of their physical activity. Martial arts that often involve young children include taekwondo or boxing. Children will learn to channel their emotions into activities that require high energy, thus affecting their development.

Although children's physical activity can increase their intelligence, parents must also supervise so that physical activity is not excessive. .Excessive physical activity will cause children to become very tired and not rested, so instead of improving their performance at school, they can decrease. Therefore, limit the child's physical activities and give the child the opportunity to rest and recover his energy after doing physical activity. Do not forget to support the nutritional intake of children with a balanced diet for the development of their intelligence.


ish National Board of Education. Physical activity and learning.[internet]. Retrieved from: (04.01.2018)

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